1. Store the wine in the dark
In particular, keep the wines out of direct sunlight and fluorescent lights as UV light can create unpleasant aromas in the wine.
2. Store wines under cork on their side
This ensures that the corks don’t dry out. Store them with the label facing up so that it is easier to see any sediment that may form in red wine during the ageing process.
3. Keep the temperature constant
The ideal temperature is between 12 – 13 degrees Celsius and the temperature should not rise above 24 degrees Celsius. The temperature should be kept as constant as possible as this will cause the wine to age prematurely due to over exposure to air through the cork.
4. Don’t move the wines
Try to store the wines in a place where you don’t have to move them around. Keep the wines away from vibrations, heavy traffic and motors.
5. Keep the humidity around 70%
This is only necessary for wines under cork. It will ensure that the cork doesn’t dry out and that the wine doesn’t oxidise.
6. Isolate the wine
The cork allows air into the bottle and so don’t store it near anything with a strong smell, including musty smells from the cellar.
7. Store wines for an appropriate period of time
It is important to note that not all wines can to be aged – entry level red wines will only last for between 2 or 3 years. In general, red wines can generally be aged between 2 and 15 years although some can be aged for over fifty years or more. White wines typically should be consumed young – within 2 or 3 years. However some of the finest white wines in the world – especially premium Riesling and Chardonnay – can last for over fifty years.
Storage after Opening
1. White wine
Storing white wine in the fridge after opening will allow you to keep the wines for three days. Preferably pump the air out with a wine pump or even better, purchase an argon dispenser as argon is an inert gas that displaces the air above the wine without influencing the wine at all.
2. Red wine
If you live in a warm or hot climate, store the wine in the fridge similar to white wine. If you live in a cooler area, you can store the wine in a cupboard for three days, again with the use of a wine pump or argon gas.
1. Wine Cellar
If you are lucky to have a basement, then this is the perfect place to store your wine as it is dark with a constant temperature. Be sure to have a good system for recording where all your wines are and when their ideal drinking time is.
2. Wine Fridge / Cooler
For those who don’t have a basement, then a wine fridge or cooler is an excellent option. They ensure that the temperature is kept constant, humidity levels are at 70%, and that the wines are stored in the dark. They also don’t take up too much room in the house or apartment.
3. Wine Closet
You can also build a makeshift wine closet. Find an out of the way closet and insulate it with foam to keep the temperature constant, making sure that no air gets in and out of the cracks in the door. To regulate temperature you can use a number of devices to ensure that the temperature stays around 12 or 13 degrees Celsius.
4. Wine Rack
For wines that you intend to consume within the next few weeks, a simple wine rack is good option.